Decentralization in computer science refers to the distribution of power, responsibility, and resources among multiple entities or nodes in a system. It is a design principle that aims to create systems that are more resilient, scalable, and flexible by avoiding the reliance on a single central authority or point of control.
Decentralization can be applied to a wide range of systems, including networks, databases, and software systems. In a decentralized network, for example, the nodes in the network are able to communicate with each other directly, rather than relying on a central server to mediate communication. This allows the network to be more resilient, as the failure of a single node does not disrupt the entire network.
Decentralization has become an important concept in the field of computer science, particularly in the context of distributed systems and decentralized networks. It has also gained significant attention in the field of blockchain technology, where it is used to create decentralized, distributed ledger systems that are resistant to censorship and tampering.
Decentralization has the potential to revolutionize the way we design and build systems, and is expected to play an increasingly important role in the future of computing.
- Holochain is an open source framework for building fully distributed, peer-to-peer applications. Holochain is BitTorrent + Git + Cryptographic Signatures + Peer Validation + Gossip."
- Interactive Connectivity Establishment - Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) is a technique used in computer networking to find ways for two computers to talk to each other as directly as possible in peer-to-peer networking.