“The component structure cannot be designed from the top down. It is not one of the first things about the system that is designed, but rather evolves as the system grows and changes.”― Robert C. Mar
Software architecture refers to the high-level structures of a software system and the way they are intended to interact. It is a blueprint that guides the design and development of a software system, outlining the overall structure and the relationships between the various components and subsystems.
Effective software architecture is important because it can significantly impact the quality and maintainability of a software system. A well-designed architecture makes it easier to understand the system, reduces complexity, and adds new features and functionality. On the other hand, a poorly designed architecture can lead to a system that is difficult to understand and maintain, with a higher risk of errors and defects.
There are several approaches to software architecture. Software architecture also involves the use of design patterns, which are reusable solutions to common design problems.
In addition to the technical aspects of software architecture, it also involves non-functional requirements such as performance, scalability, security, and usability. Ensuring that these requirements are properly addressed in the software architecture is crucial for the success of the system.